Stirring

Systems

The electromagnetic stirrer (EMS) are widely used in the iron and steel industry both in the continuous casting phases and in the steel refining process in the ladle.

The use of the stirrers allows to increase the quality and the production of steel and, due to the high metallurgical flexibility they will fit perfectly to the production of steels with different carbon content.

The quality of the surface layer and the internal crystalline structure of the steel depend on the chemical composition, the sildification process and the flow of the liquid steel inside the casting line. In the presence of a variable magnetic field inside the liquid steel, volume forces are induced which impress a main rotation motion and secondary motions along the casting line. The mixing induced with the electromagnetic stirrers makes the heat exchange along the casting line more effective, consequently the solidification process is more homogeneous and promotes the formation of equiaxed zones.

Electromagnetic stirrer are user in continuous casting processes, mainly to increase the quality and the production of steel.

A&G stirring plants fit perfectly with existing equipment into the melt shop, as well as new designs.
Here the main technologies and operational precedures:

  • - M-EMS, S-EMS, F-EMS
  • - Linear EMS
  • - Dry and wet insulation technologies
  • - Bi-phase and three-phase technology
  • - EMS for billet, bloom and slab casters
  • - EMS for ladle furnaces


Browse the map on the side to see details.

1

Stirrer

New plants

After many years of technical and operational experience and the highly specialized know-how, we are able to design and realize stirring systems based on the specific needs of the customer.
For the design phase of new stirring systems we use advanced fluid-dynamic computation software which is able to calculate and display the motions induced in the liquid steel by the variable magnetic field generated by the electric winding of the stirrer.
The multiphysic analysis software allows to solve the complex problems related to conductive fluids immersed in variable magnetic fields in a quick and precise way, thus succeeding in optimizing the design phase of the stirrer. The calculation of the electrical parameters of the stirrer, such as winding resistance and phase inductance, and the thermal behavior of the windings are also analyzed with the finite element simulation software. Computer-aided design is therefore a fundamental tool for developing and testing stirrers using mathematical models before they are put into production.

Sezione 1

Features

Stirring systems

Product

The electromagnetic stirrers are used in the continuous casting process, mainly to improve the quality and production of the steel.
They are usually equipped with tri-phase windings that, producing a rotative magnetic field, induce a rotative motion on the steel.

Needs

  • Enhancement product quality
  • Increase production
  • New types of steel
  • Reduction of waste

Advantages

  • Improvement of the solidification structure
  • Increase quality in the inner part of the product
  • Product customization on new or exixting plants
  • Designed for energy saving

3 types of applications

#

M-EMS (Mould Electromagnetic Stirrer)

S-EMS (Strand Electromagnetic Stirrer)

F-EMS (Final Electromagnetic Stirrer)

Benefits

The benefits obtained using one or more EMS in combination are listed in the table below.

Ems type & Combination M-ems M+f-ems M+s+f-ems M+s-ems S-ems S+f-ems
Pinhole and blowhole
Surface and subsurface cracks
Breack-out reduction
Solidification structure and internal cracks
Centerline segregration, center porosity
Segregation

Brand new stirrer

2

Inverter

Box

 

Our inverter switchboards are equipped with a sliding system that allows easy installation / maintenance of the main IGBT module. They are composed of static converters at impressed voltage with IGBT modules, digital regulation with vector control, capacitor bank, microprocessor control unit and auxiliary circuits (power supplies and transducers). The inverter is specifically designed for critical applications and is designed with the latest and proven technologies, in a modular design for easy installation and maintenance. All Power components are sized to ensure operation of the converter even in the most severe service and load conditions. The power components (diodes and IGBTs) are cooled by forced ventilation. The static converter is available in different sizes up to a maximum power of 4 MW in the case of 8 modules in parallel.
Sezione 2

Inverter box gallery

3

Water cooling

System

The cooling system with demineralized water it is used to remove the heat produced in the coils for Joule effect and to maintain the winding temperature below the limit value related to the thermal insulation class.
The water system ensures a longer life of the electric insulation of the stirrer and, due to the high efficiency, is able to reduce energy consumption.

Our cooling system is mainly composed of:

  • One heat exchanger
  • One tank
  • Two pumps (an emergency pump)
  • One filter
  • One control panel
  • Flow and temperature meters
Sezione 3

Water cooling system gallery

All components are made of stainless steel and they constantly support the stirrer with demineralized and filtered water.